How a Bill bcomes a Law

The Legislative Process in Missouri

1. How Bills Become Laws.
2. Introduction of A Bill.
3. First And Second Readings
4. Public Hearings.

1. How Bills Become Laws. No law is passed except by bill. Bills may be introduced in the House or Senate, except appropriations bills, which by tradition originate in the House. No bill (except general appropriations bills) may contain more than one subject, which is to be expressed clearly in its title. No Bill can be amended in its passage through either house so as to change its original purpose. No Bill other than an appropriation bill can be introduced in either house after the 60TH legislative day of a session, unless consented to by a majority of the elected members of each house or requested by the Governor in a special meeting.

2. Introduction of A Bill. Members may prefile bills beginning December 1 preceding the opening of the General Assembly session. Bills prefiled are actually introduced on the first day of the session. Members may introduce bills through the 60TH legislative day of session.

3. First And Second Readings. When introduced a bill is assigned a number and read the first time by its number and title only by the House reading clerk. It then goes on the calendar for second reading; following second reading it is assigned to committee by the Speaker of the House.

4. Public Hearings. A public hearing before the committee to which a bill is assigned is the next in the legislative process. The bill is presented to the committee by its sponsor, and both proponents and opponents are generally heard in a single hearing. In the case of unusually controversial, complex or lengthy bills, several hearings may be held.

Larry G. Harmon
Legislation Chairman

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